Black Fedora
Anti-Abuse for Developers

Anti-Abuse for Developers

HAProxy: Restrict access by IP address

Crude way to stop an attack in case of an emergency.

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Black Fedora
·Apr 2, 2022·

2 min read

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Keep in mind that this is a static configuration, which is not very effective against adversarial attacks when an attacker constantly changes their tactics.

By default HAProxy configuration file is located at /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg. To block a single IP address we can use a conditional http-request deny directive.

http-request deny if { src 8.8.8.8/32 }

If we need to apply it to a given endpoint we can use the keyword path.

http-request deny if { path -i -m beg /login } { src 8.8.8.8/32 }

Note that the IP address is in the CIDR notation, we can use it to restrict the access to an entire subnet. Adding ! will invert the rule and allow the access to a given subnet, restricting it to the rest.

http-request deny if { path -i -m beg /login } !{ src 8.8.8.0/24 }

Managing a denylist

HAProxy allows to store the list of IP addresses in a separate file on the filesystem. Each IP address separated by a newline.

# cat blocked.ips
8.8.8.8
12.12.12.0/24

Then we can include them into the configuration file

http-request deny if { path -i -m beg /login } { src -f /etc/haproxy/blocked.ips }

Applying restrictions on TCP level

If we want to apply the restrictions deeper in the stack we can use tcp-request connection reject for that.

tcp-request connection reject if { src 8.8.8.8/32 }

Applying configuration

service haproxy check

to test the validity of the configuration file.

service haproxy reload

to reload the config.

 
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